By Sophie Harman
The governance of the HIV/AIDS pandemic has come to symbolize a multi-faceted and complicated operation within which the area financial institution has set and sustained the worldwide schedule for through the area financial institution. The governance of HIV/ AIDS. via fiscal incentive they've got restructured the is a political foundations of nations in sub-Saharan Africa and the pursuit of swap in nation, undertaking that seeks to embed liberal perform via person, kingdom, and societal group behaviour. on the middle of this custom is the force to impose blueprint neoliberal market-based strategies on a personal-global issue.
This ebook unravels how the Bank’s solid governance time table and dedication to participation, possession and transparency manifests itself in perform, during the Multi-Country AIDS application (MAP), and crucially the way it is pushing an schedule that sees a shift in either worldwide healthiness interventions and kingdom configuration in sub-Saharan Africa. The publication considers the mechanisms utilized by the financial institution – and the issues therein – to interact the country, civil society and the person in responding to the HIV/AIDS problem, and the way those mechanisms were exported to different worldwide initiatives resembling the worldwide Fund and UNAIDS. Harman argues in end that not just has the financial institution set the worldwide schedule for HIV/AIDS, yet underpinning it is a wider dedication to liberal governance reform via neoliberal incentive.
Making a big contribution to our figuring out of world governance and foreign politics, this ebook might be of curiosity to scholars and students of politics, foreign political economic climate, diplomacy, improvement reviews and civil society.
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Extra resources for The World Bank and HIV AIDS: Setting a global agenda (Routledge Advances in International Relations and Global Politics)
Key concepts The governance of HIV/AIDS is replete with acronyms and issue-specific concepts. Many of these are unavoidable when discussing specific issues within this book. The most common are in reference to the National AIDS Councils – the NACs; the District AIDS Councils – the DACs; and the Regional Facilitating Agents – the RFAs. These three concepts refer to the government structures established by the World Bank as a pre-condition of MAP funding. They implement the MAP for the Bank, co-ordinate the response to the epidemic at the national or local level, and provide a leadership function in establishing national priorities and strategic plans.
The ‘pro-poor’ Bank The founding principles and expanded mandate of the Bank were developed by the Bank’s president, ex-US Secretary of Defence (1961–8) Robert McNamara (1968–81). This period of the Bank’s development marked the consolidation of the Bank’s dominant role in sub-Saharan Africa; the beginnings of its involvement in global health; and the collapse of Bretton Woods and the introduction of structural adjustment. For Williams, it was the institutional and project-specific problems associated with this era of structural adjustment from which the good governance agenda grew (Williams 2008).
Chapter 2, Pathways to multisectoralism and HIV/AIDS, outlines the evolution of the MAP, multi-sectoralism and the Bank’s role in global health. In doing so, it charts the institutional development of the Bank from its inception as a means of highlighting how the Bank has managed the state, specifically within the context of Africa, and responded and adapted to external pressure in the form of civil society, member states and emerging development concerns. This is an important function for understanding multi-sectorality and HIV/AIDS within the evolution of governance within the Bank.
The World Bank and HIV AIDS: Setting a global agenda (Routledge Advances in International Relations and Global Politics) by Sophie Harman