By Hugh Kennedy
This can be a common account of the background and structure of Crusader castles within the nation of Jerusalem, County of Tripoli and Principality of Antioch among 1099 and 1291, the years within which the Crusaders had an enduring presence at the Levantine coast. vast use is made up of modern chronicles to teach the explanations why castles have been equipped and the way they have been utilized in peace and warfare. The ebook is absolutely illustrated by way of pictures, drawings and plans, and incorporates a accomplished bibliography.
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Additional resources for Crusader Castles
Two courses of squared stones can be seen. THE TWELFTH-CENTURY KINGDOM OF JERUSALEM Plate 6 Al-Habis: curtain wall of lower bailey showing coursed, square blocks and arrow slit. Note how the built wall integrates with the natural rock to form a single defensive system. There are two casemates, now largely filled with rubble, behind the wall. Still more remarkable is the small Crusader fort which crowns the rocky pinnacle known as al-Habis overlooking the basin of ancient Petra (plates 4 and 5).
In most cases the Normans used existing fortifications, especially in towns, but there are some small Norman castles with stone donjons. 6 There were earth mottes in a recognisably Norman style (Petralia Soprana) while elsewhere a rock platform was shaped into a sort of motte carved from the living rock (Sperlinga). A substantial motte, now crowned with a later round tower, was built by Robert Guiscard at San Marco Argentano near Cosenza. Even a brief survey of this nature shows clearly that the Crusaders who came to settle and build in the Levant had experience of a large number of different castle types in their homelands.
The city walls were about 5 km long, a single line (at this time) with frequent interval towers projecting boldly from the curtain. Though much of this length must have been very thinly garrisoned, the Crusaders could make no real headway. When they attempted to undermine one of the towers, the result was a fiasco and the damage easily repaired. 9 The city walls, which have now almost completely disappeared, had been built in antiquity and restored by the Byzantines after they had retaken the city in 969 when the citadel on Mount Silpius, overlooking Antioch, was constructed.
Crusader Castles by Hugh Kennedy