By Gabriel Altmann, Fan Fengxiang (editors)
This quantity offers 12 papers on a brand new method of the research of writing structures. For the 1st time, quantitative tools are brought into this sector of study in a scientific means. the person contributions provide an outline approximately quantitative houses of symbols and of writing structures, introduce tools of study, examine person writing structures as used for various languages, manage an explanatory version of phenomena hooked up to script development/evolution, and provides a standpoint to a normal thought of writing structures.
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Extra info for Analyses of Script: Properties of Characters and Writing Systems
Essen: Stamm. Graphemic representation of English phonemes Fan Fengxiang and Gabriel Altmann 1 Introduction The grapheme-phoneme analysis of English is radically different from cases analyzed hitherto (German, Swedish, Italian, Slovak). This is caused by (i) the historical origins of English, (ii) its many national and regional varieties and (iii) the borrowing of many foreign words. The grapheme-phoneme mapping has been examined from different aspects (cf. Adams 1990; Berndt, Reggia, Mitchum 1987; Cunningham & Cunningham 1992; Fry 2004; Hanna et al.
The result of computing can be seen in Table 6 and Figure 4. The ﬁt is excellent and corroborates once more the adequacy of this model. 9990 100 90 80 70 60 f(x) NP(x) 50 40 30 20 10 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 Figure 4: Letter participation in different graphemes: negative hypergeometric (12) 7 Weighted participation A sightly different aspect is the evaluation of weighted participation of letters. In Section 6 we examined the participation of letters in building graphemes but we did not take into account the polyphonemy of graphemes, which is enormous in English.
Though there are four graphemic variants, the uncertainty is very low, because one of them,
Analyses of Script: Properties of Characters and Writing Systems by Gabriel Altmann, Fan Fengxiang (editors)