Read e-book online Analyses of Script: Properties of Characters and Writing PDF

By Gabriel Altmann, Fan Fengxiang (editors)

ISBN-10: 3110196417

ISBN-13: 9783110196412

This quantity offers 12 papers on a brand new method of the research of writing structures. For the 1st time, quantitative tools are brought into this sector of study in a scientific means. the person contributions provide an outline approximately quantitative houses of symbols and of writing structures, introduce tools of study, examine person writing structures as used for various languages, manage an explanatory version of phenomena hooked up to script development/evolution, and provides a standpoint to a normal thought of writing structures.

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Extra info for Analyses of Script: Properties of Characters and Writing Systems

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Essen: Stamm. Graphemic representation of English phonemes Fan Fengxiang and Gabriel Altmann 1 Introduction The grapheme-phoneme analysis of English is radically different from cases analyzed hitherto (German, Swedish, Italian, Slovak). This is caused by (i) the historical origins of English, (ii) its many national and regional varieties and (iii) the borrowing of many foreign words. The grapheme-phoneme mapping has been examined from different aspects (cf. Adams 1990; Berndt, Reggia, Mitchum 1987; Cunningham & Cunningham 1992; Fry 2004; Hanna et al.

The result of computing can be seen in Table 6 and Figure 4. The fit is excellent and corroborates once more the adequacy of this model. 9990 100 90 80 70 60 f(x) NP(x) 50 40 30 20 10 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 Figure 4: Letter participation in different graphemes: negative hypergeometric (12) 7 Weighted participation A sightly different aspect is the evaluation of weighted participation of letters. In Section 6 we examined the participation of letters in building graphemes but we did not take into account the polyphonemy of graphemes, which is enormous in English.

Though there are four graphemic variants, the uncertainty is very low, because one of them,

, occurs in the great majority of cases. Consequently, even if K or H0 are great, H1 yields a more adequate picture of uncertainty/diversity. The results are presented in the fourth column of Table 2. H0 and H1 are characteristics of uncertainty/diversity. The first shows the raw diversity, the second the exploitation of this diversity. Theoretically they could be independent but it can be shown that there is a tendential dependence of H1 on H0 .

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Analyses of Script: Properties of Characters and Writing Systems by Gabriel Altmann, Fan Fengxiang (editors)

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