New PDF release: An Advanced English Practice Course

By James Day

ISBN-10: 0582521068

ISBN-13: 9780582521063

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The translator’s workstation can deªne separately the formatting associated with the tag, and this can be easily changed for the whole document if necessary. EŸorts have been made to standardize the way in which this mark-up is used, and the Standard Generalized Mark-up Language SGML is widely used. If you look at the “page source” of a web page, you will see HTML, which is very similar: tags are seen as symbols within angle brackets, and generally come in pairs with the “closing” symbol the same as the “opening” symbol but preceded by a slash.

But Kay’s observations are predated by the suggestion by EEC translator Peter Arthern, that translators could beneªt from on-line access to similar, already translated documents, and his proposals quite clearly describe what we now call TMs: Translation memory systems It must in fact be possible to produce a programme [sic] which would enable the word processor to ‘remember’ whether any part of a new text typed into it had already been translated, and to fetch this part, together with the translation which had already been translated, ….

12) The monkey ate a peach. ⇔ (13) The man ate a peach. ⇔ saru wa momo o tabeta. hito wa momo o tabeta. Without any knowledge of the language concerned, it is reasonable to assume that the diŸerence between the English sentences on the left corresponds to the diŸerence between the Japanese translations: in (13) we substitute man for monkey and hito for saru, so it is not unreasonable to assume (14): (14) monkey ⇔ saru ; man ⇔ hito Actually, we can make a further assumption, which is that the “remainder” of the two sentences also correspond (15).

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An Advanced English Practice Course by James Day

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