By Paul M. Cook
Whereas many experiences on Isaiah have an interest within the formation of the booklet, particularly few have addressed the improvement of the oracles bearing on international countries. Like many different prophetic books, the booklet of Isaiah features a element of international international locations oracles (Isaiah 13-23), yet inside of this assortment is a smaller grouping of literary fabric that bargains with the countries of Cush (Ethiopia) and Egypt (Isaiah 18-20). This ebook considers the formation of this smaller staff approximately Cush and Egypt in the literary context of the expansion of the bigger assortment and the advance of those person chapters. This booklet additionally contributes a clean method of the formation of international countries oracles in Isa 13-23
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Extra info for A Sign and a Wonder
Vermeylen suggests that sometime later, perhaps during the exilic period, 19:1–4, 11–15 was supposedly added as a Deuteronomistic commentary on the preceding Cush oracle. He draws this conclusion on the basis of the concern in 19:1–4, 11–15 for matters of piety and worship, as well as the renunciation of Egypt’s purported 48 For the subsequent insertion of 17:12–18:7 Duhm follows earlier commentators, including Georg Heinrich August von Ewald, Commentary on the Prophets of the Old Testament (trans.
As a result, his application of the formal elements to other oracles is occasionally forced. For example, it is not at all clear how Isa 14:31 (“Wail, O gate; cry, O city; melt, O Philistia, all of you! For from the north smoke comes, and there is no straggler in its ranks”) is supposed to function as both a flight passage and a lamentation text. 31 In sum, Geyer seeks to identify a formal structure for the composition of the ON-IJE in the hopes of tracing the origins of a specific type of literature, but the challenges to his analysis suggest that the identification of a common literary structure for these oracles remains elusive.
The NRSV and JPS translate all occurrences of ַמ ָשּׂאin Jer 23:33–39 as ‘burden’, while the NASB and NIV (for example) translate the first occurrence as ‘oracle’. 13 LXX ὑμεῖς ἐστε τὸ λῆμμα (= ) ַא ֶתּם ַה ָמּ ָשּׂאis preferred over MT ה־מ ָשּׂא ַ ת־מ ַ ֶא. 14 A few Hebrew manuscripts and several versions support reading יתי ִ ( וְ נָ ִשׂa variִ )וְ נָ ָשׂand נָ שׂ ֹאrather than נָ שׁ ֹא. . יתי ִ וְ נָ ִשׁin MT Jer 23:39. See McKane, ant of אתי “ משׂאin Jeremiah 23:33–40,” 51; idem, Jeremiah, 1:602.
A Sign and a Wonder by Paul M. Cook