By James V. Holleran
Within the 12 months 1581, after 4 days of debating six prime Anglican divines on the Tower of London, Jesuit Edmund Campion (1540-1581) used to be positioned to loss of life simply because he wouldn't deny his religion. In 1970, the martyred Campion used to be canonized a saint. A Jesuit problem is a book-length variation of formerly unpublished Catholic manuscript bills of these debates.. As corrective old records, those Catholic manuscripts demonstrate a really diverse photo of Campion and his rivals from that represented within the government's released model, and hence supply us a fuller and extra balanced figuring out of what really came about. as well as their historic worth, the Catholic manuscripts additionally comprise vigorous exchanges among Campion and his competitors, and supply humanizing information about them. As custom-made files they seize the dramatic style of a sequence of lively debates facing the main theological concerns keeping apart Protestant England from Catholic Rome in Elizabeth's reign.. including a transcription of the Catholic manuscript money owed, Holleran provides a normal old creation to the debates, an in depth description of the manuscripts, short supplementary commentaries concerning the debates, and an entire set of explanatory notes.
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Additional resources for A Jesuit Challenge: Edmond Campion's Debates at the Tower of London in 1581
Her dealings with Spain, England's chief rival, were no less politically unpredictable. In 1558 Philip II proposed marriage to Elizabeth. Although she politely declined his offer, determined to avoid Mary Stuart's mistake, she willingly accepted his advice and protection in the uncertain early years of her reign. By 1588, however, relations between the two countries had so deteriorated that Philip attempted an invasion of England with his mighty Spanish Armada. 4 Closer to home, in her dealings with Scotland, Elizabeth faced a series of political dilemmas that haunted her almost to the end of her reign.
The English Parliament trembled at the prospect that a successful assassination plot against Elizabeth might make Mary Stuart their queen and that she, like Mary Tudor before her, would restore the old religion and make England a papal pawn in European power struggles. 6 See Jenny Wormald, Court, Kirk, and Community: Scotland, 1470-1625 (London: Edward Arnold, 1981). Page 4 Happily for Parliament, Mary's indiscretions delivered her into Elizabeth's hands. But even as a prisoner in England, Mary remained troublesome, for Elizabeth could not decide how to deal with her.
Green, Religion at Oxford and Cambridge (London: SCM Press, 1964). 17 A large number of historical studies reveal a renewed interest in the religious problems of Elizabeth's reign. A recent collection of essays, for example, commemorating the first centenary of Campion Hall, Oxford, which supplies valuable background information is: Thomas M. , The Reconed Expense: Edmund Campion and the Early English Jesuits (Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell Press, 1996). Essays of special interest in this collection for my edition of Campion's debates are: James McConica, "The Catholic Experience in Tudor Oxford," pp.
A Jesuit Challenge: Edmond Campion's Debates at the Tower of London in 1581 by James V. Holleran