By Trevor Ling
The spiritual traditions of Asia and Europe, the 'East' and 'West' of the identify, are often considered as being in sharp distinction with one another, the only 'mystical', the opposite 'prophetic'. every time their religions are usually not so contrasted they're frequently taken care of in isolation from one another: the faith of Israel, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. Dr Ling, even though, stresses that there's massive overlap and interpenetration among the 2 varieties and components, and that it is very important see the historic inter-relation among those religions and to watch how, in the course of given sessions of background, there are parallel advancements or major divergences. He covers the interval 1500 B.C. to the current time, delivering an summary of the improvement of Asian and ecu non secular traditions and associations, and discussing the social and fiscal elements focused on the advance of religous traditions, even if he indicates that such elements on my own don't account for the non secular lifetime of guy. Dr Ling is going directly to interpret the modern importance of those religions and their strength for the long run lifetime of humanity. He means that the current degree of non secular strengthen is characterized by means of open-endedness in the direction of the long run; no longer all religions convey this personality, yet none has but exhausted the probabilities of improvement. This ebook is meant to be used an an creation to the learn of faith. even if reference is made within the textual content to assets of extra info, the e-book can be utilized regardless of them.
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Additional info for A History of Religion East and West: An Introduction and Interpretation
On the background oflsrael's early history. 4. The Riis Shamra tablets. , and provide a rich source of Canaanite religious literature in the form of epics (Rowley, 1951; 30-4). 5. Various other sources of archaeological evidence relating to the period of Israel's origin and development, the more important of which are: the Code of Hammurabi, the Babylonian Epics, and certain Hittite and Assyrian tablets (Winton Thomas, 1958). It will be seen that there is a considerable amount of independent historical evidence outside the Hebrew documents ofthe Old Testament, and it is on the basis of this kind of evidence that Old Testament scholarship now proceeds, as well as on that of the Hebrew texts.
14: 21}, whereas in what is generally regarded on linguistic grounds as being a later version, the waters are said to stand up like walls on either side of the Israelites (Exod. 14: 22). In what is a later tradition still, Ps. 114: 3, the trend continues, for we are told that 'the sea fled'. Perhaps the ultimate is reached in the treatment given to the incident by modern Hollywood film-makers. But whatever 'really happened' it is obvious that it made a deep impression on those who experienced it, and the interpretation of its significance by Moses became the central religious tradition of Israel.
There is, however, an alternative explanation for the absence of any mention of Sinai from the earliest creedal confessions, namely, that the sheer bulk of the Sinai tradition, and its special nature, meant that it was transmitted independently, in a separate parallel form from the summaries of the 'salvation history'. Moreover, it is the event of the deliverance from Egypt which provides the basis for the covenant between Yahweh and the Hebrew tribes; if this was not the basis for the very powerful covenant idea, then some other event very like it would have to be discovered in order to account for what is a most strongly attested and persistent and peculiar idea among the ancient Hebrews - that the divine being, Yahweh, had in some way given outstanding proof of the relation which was to be regarded as existing between him and the Hebrews.
A History of Religion East and West: An Introduction and Interpretation by Trevor Ling