By John Joseph Saunders
Should not the phrases "Medieval Islam" a redundancy? while has Islam ever now not been "Medieval"? for instance, which will learn the heritage of the "Dark Ages", you'll learn eighth and ninth century Europe, otherwise you may possibly examine any Arab kingdom at the present time that is guided through Islamic rules.
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Additional resources for A History of Medieval Islam
Every sketch of his life must thus be fragmentary and defective, and the many gaps must be filled by speculation. Muhammad (the name means ‘worthy of praise’) was born sometime between 570 and 580, according to tradition in the Year of the Elephant, when Abraha was repulsed from the walls of Mecca. His father Abdallah died before his birth, and his mother when he was six, and the orphan was brought up, first by his grandfather Abd alMuttalib, and then by his uncle Abu Talib. He grew to manhood the citizen of a flourishing trading community.
Guillaume, Oxford, 1955. D. 768. Guillaume, The Traditions of Islam, Oxford, 1924. 38 III The First Conquests T HE creation within the space of a single century of a vast Arab Empire stretching from Spain to India is one of the most extraordinary marvels of history. The speed, magnitude, extent and permanence of these conquests excite our wonder and almost affront our reason, but the historian who seeks to explain them is impeded by the deficiency of the evidence at his disposal. Few revolutions of such gigantic import are worse documented: the conquerors were an unlettered people; the archives of Persia perished in the general ruin of the Sassanid State, and the Greek side of the story is revealed only in chronicles put together nearly two centuries after the irruption of Islam into the eastern provinces of Byzantium.
The astonishing march of nearly 400 miles in the hot season must have startled the neighbouring nomads and disinclined them to join the grand alliance which the Kuraish were forming in order to annihilate the power of their adversary. In all their dealings with Muhammad, the Kuraish displayed neither unity nor energy nor resolution. The situation which confronted them was beyond their experience, and they fumbled helplessly in their efforts to master it. Divided and weak in leadership, sluggish and hesitant in action, and untrained in war, they were perhaps impelled to a supreme attempt by the importunities of the exiled Nadirites at Khaibar, and they at last assembled a force of 10,000 men, probably the biggest force ever seen in Arabia.
A History of Medieval Islam by John Joseph Saunders