Download e-book for iPad: A Historical Phonology of English by Donka Minkova

By Donka Minkova

ISBN-10: 0748634673

ISBN-13: 9780748634675

Phonological evolution is a big section of the general background of the language; the subject material is either major by itself phrases and suitable in curricular phrases. This booklet describes the segmental and prosodic alterations within the historical past of English, offers analyses of those alterations either as phonological occasions and when it comes to the evolution of interlocking elements of previous English and highlights the relevance of the themes and probably generate extra curiosity through projecting old phonological swap onto Present-Day English and its kinds. the advance of the English sound method is likely one of the top studied a part of the heritage of the language, even though no updated, student-friendly survey exists: this publication fills the distance.

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Ucl. 0 Unported License. 1. 4 English vowels in well-defined cells. Only rounding is treated as strictly binary for the vowels. Realisations with respect to height and backness are scalar and in order to define their unique contrastive properties one has to work with different degrees of the same main features. For height we will use the three levels, high, mid and low, with additional specifications for each of the three levels, lower or upper. Note that this corresponds to the IPA labels close, mid and open.

This is particularly helpful when we try to reconstruct the direction and the intermediate stages of sound change: we can posit a historical shift of [a] to [æ]; these sounds are phonetically close to each other, but we cannot jump from [a] to [u] without multiple steps in-between. Using the voiced /w/ in wine and the voiceless / / in whine maintains the perceptual difference between two distinct lexical items, but it also requires some extra effort. If we merge the pronunciation of the two words, we create homophones, a perceptual complication arising concurrently with the elimination of the extra effort.

The late eighteenth century also marked the expansion of English to other continents. Early immigration to Australia in the 1780s and the settlement of English speakers in New Zealand from about 1840 led to the creation of two other national varieties: Australian and New Zealand English. These varieties have close historical links to southern British English, but they also developed features which distinguish them both from the Cockney dialect of many of the original settlers and from SSBE. 2), but we know how the various branches of Germanic have fared more recently.

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A Historical Phonology of English by Donka Minkova

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